* Antihistamines classic. Relieve allergy symptoms by blocking the release of histamine, which causes inflammation of the mucous membranes and allergic symptoms, but is incompatible with driving, operating machinery and alcohol because they cause motor incoordination, less reaction rate, confusion and sedation. They are applied directly to the nasal mucosa and conjunctiva with a small drug amount. For example azelastine.
* Advanced Antihistamines. This new family of drugs that is enriched continuously with new products such as desloratadine, do not readily cross the blood-brain barrier, so it produces less sedating than conventional, and cause less adverse effects on vision, urine and respiratory mucous.
* Corticosteroids. These oral, injectable or inhalable synthetic hormones, reduce inflammation of the nasal passages and alleviate symptoms in a short time. They do not cause significant side effects, provided they are used under medical supervision and in the doses and periods indicated.
* Bronchodilators. Attenuate difficulty breathing, in allergic bronchitis with asthmatic symptoms or by relaxing the smooth muscle of the airway or prevent the bronchi to constrict. But beware, not be used in high doses or continuous, because they can affect the nervous system, causing headaches and aggravate glaucoma or urinary retention.
* Homeopathy. Homoeopaths use different strategies to regulate the body, adapting clinical treatment and psychological profile of each patient. Among natural medicines that relieve symptoms are Allium cepa, Euphrasia, Sabadilla, Apis mellifera, Pollens, Aconitum, Arsenicum album.
*Phytotherapy. There are many medicinal plants that help fight allergies:
* Maritime Pine, to remove histamine from the body.
* Golden Sun, to reduce the release of histamine.
* Fumaria, for skin allergies.
* Aesop, as a natural supplement to treat asthma.
* Euphrasia, applied to the eyes relieves conjunctivitis and allergic rhinitis drink.
* Angelica Sinensis inhibits the production of IgE allergic antibody.
* Liquorice to increase the duration of anti-inflammatory cortisol.
* Keep windows closed at night to keep out pollen in the house. Use air conditioning filters.
* Reduce outdoor activities early in the morning between 5-10 am (emission pollens) and 7-10 pm (decent period of pollen from the atmosphere upon cooling).
* Keep car windows closed when travelling.
* Stay as long as possible indoors during May days concentration of pollens. Avoid going out especially on windy days.
* Going on holiday during the peak of pollination pollen-free zone (sea / beach).
* Avoid mowing the lawn, or get close to the freshly cut grass. Mowing stirred pollen and mould.
* Do not dry clothes outdoors during the days of the high count. Pollen and mould can accumulate in them.
* Wear sunglasses to go outside.
ALLERGIES TO DUST MITES
* Perform frequent cleaning with a vacuum cleaner in both the bedroom and the rest of the house.
* Keep the bedroom well ventilated, avoiding moisture.
* Use bedding never wool, synthetic fibre (polyurethane), or feathers.
* Cover with non-permeable mite mattress covers and pillow.
* Having the little-decorated rooms, avoiding draperies and upholstery. In no case should be installed carpets.
* In allergic children games cloth or stuffed animals and posters should be removed.
* Avoid shelves with books in the bedroom.
* Better not have animal hair or feathers at home.
* Avoid the use of odorous substances, insecticides, smoke snuff, etc ...
* Wash bedding and mattress covers more than 65 ° C.
* Use acaricides in mattresses, sofas and carpets (physicochemical substances that kill mites).
In second home:
* Aerate and ventilate the room upon arrival.
* Make the bed on arrival with linen that has not been stored a long time.
ALLERGIES PELOS / animal dander
* Keep the animal outside the house or just keep it in a room.
* Keep the pet out of the bedroom and put a basket / pet bed to sleep and not let out.
* Wash your clothes / weekly basket.
* Wash the pet once a week (you only have to water) by someone without allergies.
ALLERGIES TO INSECT BITES
* Avoid field trips in spring and summer.
* If not avoidable,
* Do not use perfumes on the field trip.
* Do not use flowery clothes and bright colours.
* Do not handle sugary foods.
* Do not pick fruit from the ground.
* Keep food covered.
* Avoid walking barefoot, better-closed shoe.
* Keep garbage cans tightly closed.
* Do not drive away the insect whether it is in our proximity.
* In the case of bite (wasp), away from the place where it occurred.
* Know and avoid the kind of food you are allergic.
* Comprehensive review of food labels.
* Special attention at risk: banquets, school canteens, ice cream parlours.
* In severe allergies,
* Avoid processed foods.
* It will take bracelet and adrenaline kit.
* Moisten the skin with daily baths containing oily substances and oat extracts.
* Apply a moisturiser or emollient after bathing.
* Limit the use of soaps on skin.
* Avoid wearing wool or synthetic fabrics. Use plain cotton fabrics.
* Sudden variations in temperature and humidity are not recommended. Opt for a humidifier.
* The mild climate and moderate humidity are optimal for most patients.
* Sweat itchy and aggravates the disease.
* Sunlight and salt water is beneficial for many patients.